Medical Ethics :
A doctor should always maintain the highest standards of professional conduct. A doctor should always practice of his/her profession under the uninfluenced by motives of profit.
Ethics : Ethics is a self imposed code of conduct assumed voluntarily by each and every individual medical professional.
Medical Ethics : “ Medical Ethics” means the moral principles, which should guide the members of the medical profession in their dealings with each other, their patients and the state.
Medical Etiquette : It deals with the conventional laws of courtesy which observed between members of the medical profession.
Infamous conduct by the doctor : It is any conduct by the doctor which might reasonably be regarded as disgraceful or dishonorable. The conduct of the doctor is judged by the professional men of good repute and competence.
The following acts which will constitutes professional infamous conduct :
2). Issuing a false, misleading/improper certificate in connection with sick benefit/insurance/passport/attendance in the court, public services etc.
3). Withholding from health authorities information/order of notifiable diseases.
4). Performing/enabling an unqualified person to perform an abortion or, any other illegal operation for which there is no indication.
5). Violating the provisions of the drug acts.
7). Using of touts/agents for procuring the patients.
10). Association with the bad people or manufacturer or, unqualified and unregistered persons.
Doctor’s duty to the sick :
1). A doctor must always keep in mind the importance of preserving human life from the day of conception until death.
2). A doctor owes to his patient complete loyalty and all the resources of his/her science. When some examinations/treatments are beyond his/her capacity, he/she summon another doctor who/whose had the necessary ability.
Doctor’s duty to another doctor :
1). A doctor should behave towards his colleagues in a way which he or she will like to have from them.
2). A doctor must not entice away patients from his colleagues.
Duties of a doctor in general :
1). A doctor must always maintain the highest standards of professional conduct.
2). A doctor must not allow himself to be influenced merely by motives of profit.
3). A doctor is not permitted to do anything which can weaken the physical or mental resistance of the human being, without strict therapeutic/prophylactic indications, for the interest of the patient.
4). In case of issuance of a certificate and when required to give evidence he or she should only mention of what that he/she can verify or prove.
Characteristics of an ideal doctor :
1). A doctor should be modest/sober/patience prompt in his/her duty.
2). He/she should be upright and pure in character.
3). He/she should be dedicated to the art of healing of the sick.
4). He/she should use average degree of skill , care, judgment and attention during treatment.
5). He/she should furnish his/her patient with proper and suitable medicine.
6). He/she should use clean and proper instrument and appliance.
7). He/she should never neglect a patient.
8). He/she should take the responsibility of the community medicine.
9). He/she should uphold the dignity and honor of his/her profession.
10). He/she should obey strictly the ethical principles contained in Geneva Declaration.
Geneva Declaration of Medical Ethics/Codes of Medical Ethics :
At the time of registration each applicant shall submit the following written and sign declaration to the register concerned, attested by the register himself or, a registered medical practitioner. “ The world medical association” – at it’s third general assembly at Geneva in the September 1948, adapted the following codes of medical ethics : –
1). I solemnly pledge myself to consecrate my life to the service of humanity.
2). I will give to my teacher’s the respect and gratitude, which is their due.
3). I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity.
4). The health of my patient will be my first consideration.
5). I will respect the secrets, which are confided in me.
6). I will maintain by all the means in my power, the honor and noble traditions of the medical profession.
7). My colleagues will be my brothers.
8). I will not permit considerations of religion, nationality, race, party, politics or, social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient.
9). I will maintain the utmost respect for human life from the time of conception.
10). Even under threat, I will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity.
I make this promises solemnly, freely and upon my honor.
Rights of Registered Medical Practitioners :
1). Right to chose a patient.
2). Right to practice medicine.
3). Right to dispense medicine.
4). Right to posses and supply dangerous drugs to his patients.
5). Right to add title/descriptions etc, with the name.
6). Right to recovery of fees.
7). Right for appointment to public and local hospitals.
8). Right to issue medical certificates.
9). Right to give evidence as an expert.
10). Right to remove eyes from a dead body for transplantation purposes.
Rights and Privileges of the Patients :
1). Right to chose the doctor freely.
2). Right to access health care facilities available.
3). Dignity : To be treated with care.
4). Privacy : To be treated with privacy during consultation and therapy.
5). All information about his/her illness be kept confidential.
6). Safety of the procedures/diagnosis/therapeutic modality etc.
7). Right to know day to day progress with line of action with diagnosis and prognosis.
8). Right to consent or refuse any specific or all measures.
9). To receive full information about his or, her diagnosis, investigation and treatment plans with alternatives.
10). Obtain compensation for medical injuries/negligence.
11). Right to complaint.