Home / Daily Health / COMMON SKIN DISEASE ” ACNE ” : Definition, Types, Causes, Sign & Symptoms, Treatment And Advice

COMMON SKIN DISEASE ” ACNE ” : Definition, Types, Causes, Sign & Symptoms, Treatment And Advice

Definition/meaning of the acne?

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Acne is a very common skin condition characterized by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and pus-filled spots (pustules). It usually starts at puberty and varies in severity from a few spots over the face, back and chest, which are most adolescents will have at some of time, to a more serious problems that may be embarrassing actually, sap self-confidence with cause scarring. For the majority its tend to resolve by the late teens/early twenties but, can persist for longer in some of the people. Acne can develop for the first time in people in their late twenties or even the thirties. It is occasionally occurs in the young children.


Common types of the acne :

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Non- inflammatory Acne – Whiteheads/Blackheads

Black heads and whiteheads are types of acne in which a plug, made up of sticky oil (sebum)with dead skin cells, that is visible inside the pore and doesn’t cause any associated inflammation or redness. Dermatologists call them “comedones.”

Blacken heads :

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If the plug is enlarges and widens the pore, it is called an open comedo or, a black head. Black heads are not caused by the trapped dirt, even though that is what they look like, so you can not wash them to away. The black/gray color that comes from a buildup of the melanin (the dark pigment of your skin) with oxidized oil.

Whiten heads :

A white head is a closed comedone. A thin covering of the skin traps the plug beneath the pore’s surface, preventing the oil from the oxidizing, keeping it white with preventing it from turning gray.

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Inflammatory Acne : Pimples That Can Hurt

Inflammatory acne occurs when your immune system responds to the bacteria with trapped oil inside the hair follicle. The degree of the inflammation associated with these acne types determines the size, redness, tenderness with potential to scar.



These are small- to medium-sized pink or, red dome-shaped bumps that often feel tender to the touch.


These lesions have a yellow or, white center with a red base. Pustules form when a plug deep inside a pore traps oil and bacteria, attracting white blood cells to fight the infection. The greater the inflammation, the redder and larger the pustule. Pus is simply the collection of dead white blood cells.

Nodules and Cysts

Nodules are large, solid and often painful bumps that extend into the deeper skin layers. Cysts are sac-like structures filled with liquid material consisting of red and white blood cells, oil and bacteria. Individual lesions may last for months and produce permanent scars. Therefore, seeking treatment from a dermatologist is highly recommended.

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Who gets acne?

If you have a bad case of acne, you may feel like you are the only one. But many people have acne. It is the most common skin problem. Most people who have acne are teenagers or young adults, but acne can occur at any age. Newborn babies can get acne. Men and women get acne. Some women get acne when they reach middle age.


What causes acne?

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Acne appears when a pore in our skin clogs. This clog begins with the dead skin cells. Normally, dead skin cells rise to the surface of the pore and the body shedding the cells. When the body starts to make lots of sebum (see-bum), oil that keeps our skin from drying out, the dead skin cells can stick together within the pore. Instead of rising to the surface, the cells become trapped within the pore.

Sometimes bacteria that live on our skin, p. acnes, also get within the clogged pore. Inside the pore, the bacteria have a perfect environment for multiplying very quickly. With loads of bacteria inside, the pore becomes inflamed (red and swollen). If the inflammation goes deep into the skin, an acne cyst/nodule appears.


Signs of the acne

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Many bodies anticipate that abscess is aloof pimples. But a being who has abscess can accept any of these blemishes:
• Black heads.
• White heads.
• Papule.
• Pustules (what abounding bodies alarm pimples).
• Cyst and nodules.
Acne appears on the face in all of the photographs above, but it can arise on added areas of the body. Abscess can arise on the back, chest, neck, shoulders, high accoutrements and buttocks.

Symptoms of the acne

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Acne can account added than blemishes. Studies actualization that bodies who accept abscess can have:

  • Low self-esteem: Abounding bodies who accept abscess say that their abscess makes them feel bad about themselves. Because of their acne, they do not demand to be with friends. They absence academy and work. Grades can slide, and absence can become a botheration because of their acne.
  • Depression: Abounding bodies who accept abscess ache from added than low self-esteem. Abscess can advance to a medical action alleged depression. The abasement can be so bad that bodies anticipate about what it would be like to accomplish suicide. Abounding studies accept begin that adolescence who accept that they accept “bad” abscess were acceptable to anticipate about committing suicide.
  • Dark spots on the skin: These spots arise aback the abscess heals. It can booty months or years for aphotic spots to disappear.
  • Scars (permanent): Bodies who get abscess cysts and nodules generally see scars aback the abscess clears. You can anticipate these scars. Be abiding to see a dermatologist for analysis if you get abscess aboriginal — amid 8 and 12 years old. If addition in your ancestors had abscess cysts and nodules, you additionally should see a dermatologist if you get acne. Treating abscess afore cysts and nodules arise can anticipate scars.
    Do you accept a bark condition? We’d adulation you to ample in our analysis bark.

Is abscess/acne hereditary?

Acne can run in the families, but this doesn’t necessarily beggarly that if your parents had abscess you will get it too.


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What does abscess/acne attending like and what does it feel like?

The archetypal actualization of abscess is a admixture of the following: an adipose skin, blackheads and whiteheads, red spots and chicken pus-filled pimples, and scars. Occasionally, large, breakable spots or cysts may advance which can either eventually access and acquittal their capacity or may alleviate up after bursting.


How do dermatologists analyze acne?

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To analyze acne, a dermatologist will aboriginal appraise your bark to accomplish abiding you accept acne. Added bark altitude can attending like acne. If you accept acne, the dermatologist will:
•    Grade the acne. Grade 1 is balmy acne. Grade 4 is astringent acne.
•    Note what type, or types, of abscess arise on your skin.


How do dermatologists amusement acne?

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Today, there are abounding able abscess treatments. This does not beggarly that every abscess analysis works for anybody who has acne. But it does beggarly that around every case of abscess can be controlled.

People who accept balmy abscess accept a few blemishes. They may accept whiteheads, blackheads, papules, and/or pustules (aka pimples). Abounding bodies can amusement balmy abscess with articles that you can buy after a prescription. A artefact absolute benzoyl achromatize or salicylic acerbic generally clears the skin. This does not beggarly that the abscess will bright overnight.

Despite the claims, abscess analysis does not assignment overnight. At-home analysis requires 4-8 weeks to see improvement. Once abscess clears, you charge abide to amusement the bark to anticipate breakouts.


When to see a dermatology specialist

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If you accept a lot of acne, cysts, or nodules, a anesthetic that you can buy after a decree may not work. If you demand to see clear the skin, you should see a dermatology specialist. Dermatology specialist action the afterward types of treatment:


Acne analysis that you administer to the skin: Best abscess treatments are activated to the skin. Your dermatologist may alarm this contemporary treatment. There are abounding contemporary abscess treatments. Some topicals advice annihilate the bacteria. Others assignment on abbreviation the oil. The contemporary anesthetic may accommodate a retinoid, prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic, or alike salicylic acid. Your dermatologist will actuate what you need.

Acne analysis that works throughout the body: Anesthetic that works throughout the anatomy may be all-important aback you accept red, bloated types of acne. This blazon of analysis is usually all-important to amusement abscess cysts and nodules. Your dermatologist may appoint one or added of these:

  • Antibiotics (helps to annihilate bacilli and abate inflammation). 
  • Birth ascendancy pills and added anesthetic that works on hormones (can be accessible for women).
  • Isotretinoin (the alone analysis that works on all that causes acne). 

Procedures that amusement acne:

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Your dermatologist may amusement your abscess with a action that can be performed during an appointment visit. These treatments include:

  • Lasers and added ablaze therapies: These accessories abate the p. acnes bacteria. Your dermatologist can actuate whether this blazon of analysis can be helpful.
  • Chemical peels: You cannot buy the actinic peels that dermatologists use. Dermatologists use actinic peels to amusement 2 types of abscess — blackheads and papules.
  • Acne removal: Your dermatologist may accomplish a action alleged “drainage and extraction” to abolish a ample abscess cyst. This action helps back the cyst does not acknowledge to medicine. It additionally helps affluence the affliction and the adventitious that the cyst will leave a scar. If you actually accept to get rid of a cyst quickly, your dermatologist may inject the cyst with medicine. 


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Waiting for abscess to bright on its own can be frustrating. Without treatment, abscess can account abiding scars, low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety.
To abstain these accessible outcomes, dermatologists acclaim that bodies amusement acne. Back the bark clears, analysis should continue. Analysis prevents new breakouts. Your dermatologist can acquaint you back you no best charge to amusement abscess to anticipate breakouts.

About Dr. K. S. Akash

Short Biography Of The Hon’ble President's Dr. Md. Kafil – Uddin Sarker Akash, Hon’ble Chairman, Bangladesh Preventive Welfare Society of Suicide-Addiction-Narcotics & Pollution, was born on December 31, 1982 in the Village- Nilam Kharida Sadra, P.O- Vayerhat, P.S- Kaunia, District- Rangpur, Country- Bangladesh. He is the son of Md. Nurul Islam and Most. Noorjahan Begum. Having obtained Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S) under University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh and he was enrolled as a Registered Doctor from Bangladesh Medical & Dental Council (BM & DC), with obtained Post-Graduation Degree D.F.M on Forensic Medicine, Under Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University(BSMMU), Bangladesh and Member (M.C.P.S), Bangladesh College of Physician & Surgeons (B.C.P.S). Currently, he is Research Fellow in Phd program at Institute of Biological Science under University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. He practiced as Reputed Physician and Work as a Autopsy Surgeon through conducted several Post-mortem Examinations and delivered huge expert Medico-Legal Opinion under Court of Law to aid for Administration of Justice. In additionally, he participate in many short and long time training program, Scientific Seminar, Symposium and obtained many of the Training Certificates. He also conducted and taken Lecture Class in different Medical Colleges of Bangladesh for a longer period of time. Thus, he get opportunity to build intimacy and make friendly relationship among with the huge students and try to understand psychology of different level students.

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