- Define and explain the law of mass action and give example. How can you get idea of pH from it?
- Give the HHE for buffer solution.
- What is gibbs-donnan equilibrium or effect? Explain it with example. Give its importance.
- Illustrate the Handerson Hasselbalch equation with its importance.
- Using law of mass action deduce the HHE. What are the uses of this equation?
- Define and classify isotopes with example.
- Give the importance of isotopes in medicine. What is radioactive half-life ?
- What is radioactivity ? Name some radioactive isotopes.
- Define radioactive decay. What is the clinical (physiological/biomedical) importance isotopes?